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- The name "peregrine" means wanderer, and the Peregrine Falcon has one of the longest migrations of any bird, as much as 25,000 km (15,000 mi) in a year. They are present in all continents except Antarctica, and on many oceanic islands.
- The Peregrine Falcon is the fastest animal on earth, able to reach speeds of up to 320 km/h (200 mph) as it drops toward its prey.
- In the Netherlands, Peregrine Falcons arrive in the autumn from Scandinavia and return north again in March. Sometimes, young birds will stay behind and may even nest here if they can find a suitable nesting location. As cliff breeders, they have adopted tall buildings as an alternative. There are about meanwhile 30 breeding pairs in the Netherlands.
- In late 2009, a young male bird used ASML building 8 as his wintering location. ASML therefore decided to provide a nest box on the roof of building 8, which was occupied by a pair of Peregrine Falcons in April 2010. They stayed all year and laid 4 eggs in March 2011.
The male is much smaller than the female.
Typical sizes are:
Length 36–49 cm
Wingspan 100–110 cm
Weight 530–1600 g
- Slechtvalk (Dutch)
- Faucon pèlerin (French)
- Halcón peregrino (Spanish)